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E-log Mandate For December 2017

A federal rule requiring truck operators to use electronic logging devices to keep records of duty status is set to take effect December 16, 2017. Here’s a look at the mandate’s key components:

Mandating ELDs
ELDs must be installed and in use by December 16, 2017. This applies to all drivers, except those who:
• Keep records of duty status in 8 or fewer days out of every 30 working days
• Drivers in drive-away and tow-away operations
• Truckers operating vehicles older than model year 2000

Device Specifications
ELDs are required to:
• Automatically record date, time and location information; engine hours; vehicle miles; and ID information of the driver using the device
• Be able to transfer data during roadside inspections “on-demand,” via either a wireless Web-based services, email, USB 2.0 or Bluetooth
• Present a graph grid of a driver’s daily duty status changes either on the units themselves or in printouts

ELDs are not required to:
• Track a vehicle or a driver in real-time, nor will they need to include driver-carrier communication capabilities

Supporting Documents
Supporting document requirements:
• Maximum of eight supporting documents, either electronic or paper, for every 24-hour period that includes on-duty time
• Be submitted to their carrier within 13 days of receiving them, and carriers must retain the documents, along with records of duty status, for six months
• If a driver submits to a carrier more than eight documents for a 24-hour period, the carrier must keep the first and last document for the day and six others
• If fewer than eight are submitted, carriers must retain all of them

Supporting documents include:
• Bills of lading, itineraries, schedules or other documents that show trip origin and destination
• Dispatch records, trip records or similar documents
• Expense receipts, payroll records, settlement sheets or similar documents that show what and how a driver was paid
• Electronic mobile communication records sent through fleet management systems

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NEW Chevron Delo 400 Product Line Coming December 1, 2016

Better Durability. Better Reliability. Better Efficiency.

The new product line leverages the power of ISOSYN Advanced Technology and offers optimized performance and better engine protection than any prior Delo product. The new products also extend the life of the vehicle and help minimize the cost of ownership. The new Delo products will be available in a variety of viscosities and will support both API CK-4 and FA-4 HDMO categories:


Delo 400 SDE 15W-40

• Up to 38% better wear protection versus API CJ-4

• Up to 33% improved engine durability versus API CJ-4 products

• Up to 20% increase in total diesel engine life to rebuild

• API CK-4, for use in both newer and older diesel engines


Delo 400 XLE 15W-40

• Xceptional Lubricant Efficiency Synblends

• Up to 35% longer oil life

• Up to 68% better wear protection

• Up to 33% reduction in piston deposits

• API CK-4, for use in both newer and older diesel engines


Delo 400 XLE 10W-30

• Xceptional Lubricant Efficiency Synblends

• Up to 28% longer drain intervals versus API CJ-4

• Up to 25% improved low temperature cranking viscosity

• Up to 1% improved fuel efficiency

• API CK-4, for use in both newer and older diesel engines


Delo 400 XSP 5W-40

• High Performance Full Synthetics

• Cold weather startup 

• High temperature protection

• Excellent wear protection

• API CK-4, for use in both newer and older diesel engines


Delo 400 XSP 5W-30

• High Performance Full Synthetics

• Up to 40% improved low temperature cranking viscosity

• Up to 2% improved fuel efficiency

• Up to 50% longer drain intervals versus API CJ-4 15W-40

• API CK-4, for use in both newer and older diesel engines


Delo 400 ZFA 10W-30

• Xceptional Lubricant Efficiency Synblends

• Up to 20% improved fuel efficiency versus API CJ-4 SAE 10W-30

• Up to 32% better wear protection versus API CJ-4

• Helps minimize operating costs

• API FA-4, for use in new modern GHG 17 diesel engines


Conventional Delo 400 LE SAE 15W-40 and Delo 400 NG SAE 15W-40 will still be available for API CJ-4/SM and Natural Gas CNG/LNG, respectively.

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TIA Determines Crumb Rubber Poses No Health Risks

The benefits of recycling scrap tires for crumb rubber has recently been under fire as some media reports maintain that recycled rubber could be harmful to people and the environment.

Crumb rubber is the name given to any material derived by reducing scrap tires or other rubber products into uniform granules. On average, between 10 to 12 pounds of crumb rubber can be derived from one passenger car tire. The granules, or crumb, is sold as feedstock for all different types of products, including asphalt for paving, and sport surfaces like children’s playgrounds, athletic tracks, and tennis courts.

The Tire Industry Association (TIA) has now weighed-in on the crumb rubber issue. TIA's Environmental Advisory Council (EAC) conducted extensive testing in the United States and overseas regarding the potential health and environmental effects. In every evaluation, researchers from the EAC determined that crumb rubber used in artificial turf or as a playground surface poses no significant health or environmental risk.

The full position statement can be viewed on the TIA website HERE.

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Shrader’s Now Carrying Uniroyal Tires

Shrader Tire & Oil is now carrying the Uniroyal Commercial Truck Tire line. Uniroyal is a Michelin product and was designed to compete with other Tier 3 tires. The Uniroyal brand has been in the U.S. passenger and light truck market for over 120 years.

The new tire line provides affordable tires for every position and application, including dry van, flat bed, construction, and pick-up and delivery vocations. Two of the tires, Uniroyal® RS20™ and Uniroyal® LS24™, are SmartWay®-verified and meet the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requirements for outstanding fuel efficiency.

DuraShield® construction, at the heart of every Uniroyal tire, provides a unique combination of features for durability, dependability and retreadability. Three strategic features — including pyramidal steel belts, insulating belt edge strips and a heavy gauge inner liner — work together to reduce stress, promote endurance and protect the tire's casing. Uniroyal commercial truck tires are backed by a four-year manufacturer's limited warranty. Certain tires used in long-haul and regional applications are also covered by a one-retread limited warranty.

Here are the Uniroyal Tires Shrader has to offer. Be sure to ask for a quote.


About Uniroyal
Uniroyal is one of the world's leading tire brands for passenger and commercial cars, pick-ups, light trucks, minivans and sport utility vehicles. Dating back to 1892, Uniroyal has developed a reputation for providing affordable and dependable tires, including its Tiger Paw® and Laredo® tire series. Uniroyal now offers commercial truck tires to bring that same value to the trucking industry. To learn more about the new Uniroyal commercial truck tires, visit
Original Press Release.

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Diesel Engine OEMs Announce Specs for API CK-4 and FA-4 Oils

The major diesel engine and truck manufacturers have recently provided their own OEM specifications that connect with the new API CK-4 and FA-4 categories for their new model GHG ’17 diesel engines. Some have started providing initial guidance for backward compatibility of the new products for their older EPA model diesel engines. Volvo and Cummins announced support for longer oil drain intervals with their new upgraded OEM specification requirements.



API CK-4: Cummins CES 20086

API FA-4: Cummins CES 20087

  • API CK-4 & FA-4 approved for GHG ‘17 Cummins X-15 & X-12 (2018) engines

  • API CK-4 & Cummins CES 20086 specification oils approved for use in older ISX and ISX 15 model engines

  • API FA-4 not authorized for anything but X-15 model engines

  • Cummins announced a 10,000-mile increase in oil drain recommendations (from a maximum 40,000 to 50,000 miles) for new X-15 engines using the new oils



API CK-4: DFS 93K222

API FA-4: DFS 93K223

  • Detroit Diesel (Diamler owned) has approved the backwards compatible API CK-4 for older engines in Freightliner & Western Star trucks

  • API FA-4 is approved for new GHG’17 model engines along with EPA 10 and EPA 13 older model diesel engines

  • No announcement has been made on oil drain extensions, but recommends using the new products in new engines 

  • Detroit Diesel will factory-fill new model engines with API FA-4 & DFS 93K223 approved oil starting December ’16




API FA-4 (to be announced in future)

  • Kenworth & Peterbilt trucks are installed with either a PACCAR MX or Cummins engine
  • PACCAR uses API designations with no specific OEM specification qualification program included
  • Both engine models are factory filled with Delo 400 XLE Synblend SAE 10W-30 (API CK-4 ready)
  • API FA-4 oils may be used with Cummins X-15 engines, but PACCAR has not commented yet on use of API FA-4 oils for the PACCAR MX GHG 17 or older model engines



API CK-4: Volvo VDS 4.5

API CK-4: Mack EOS 4.5

API CK-4: Renault VI RLD 4

API FA-4: No specification and not allowed for use in EITHER new or older Volvo or Mack diesel engines

  • Volvo & Mack (Volvo owned) have new specifications for API CK-4, but do not allow use of API FA-4 oils in their engines
  • Volvo & Mack specifications are built around tighter requirements for improved oil oxidation performance as measured by the new Volvo T13 engine test versus the typical API CK-4 or API FA-4 Volvo T13 requirements
  • Volvo announcing a 10,000-mile oil drain extension (45,000 to 55,000) for engines using the new VDS 4.5 or Mack EOS 4.5 oils


Navistar - APPROVED



  • Navistar uses API designations with no specific OEM specification qualification program included
  • Most Navistar equipment uses Cummins engines, with recommendations being the same as Cummins, including the oil drain extension
  • API CK-4 is recommended for N13 model engine
  • API FA-4 is approved for new model GHG ’17 engines only 
  • Navistar will be factory-fill with API CK-4 SAE 10W-30 oil


Stay tuned for more updates in the future. Until then, rely on your Shrader Representative for the most up-to-date information on API CK-4 and FA-4 engine oil categories.


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Think Roadside Alligators are all Retreads? Think again.

Researchers investigate causes of truck tire debris, find 60% are virgin tires.

“There’s a public perception that if it’s a retread truck tire, it’s not as good,” says Oliver Page, assistant research scientist in the Transportation Safety Analysis Division. “That’s not true. What we were trying to do is see if retreads were overrepresented in samples collected, and if they were, whether the probable cause of failure was due to manufacture/process issues.”

86,000 pounds of fragments and casings were analyzed after being collected from major interstate routes in five different states with high commercial-trucking flows.

Overall, where tire status could be determined, original equipment actually accounted for 60 percent of the tire casings tested, whereas retreads accounted for 40 percent.

Analysis of the debris found that road hazards, such as hitting a curb or sustaining a nail puncture, were the most common cause of tire failure for 38 percent of the fragments and 36 percent of the casings. It was determined maintenance and operational issues accounted for 32 percent of the tire casing failures, while degradation from excessive heat was evident in the final 30 percent of the tire fragments examined.

For both casings and fragments, tire failure due to the retread manufacturing process was under 15 percent.


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Going Green to Save Green

Recycling and Retreading Tires

Old tires have a knack for finding their ways to the side of the road or in scrap piles at many trucking fleets all over the United States. Often times we forget the value those tires may hold. This is why Shrader Tire & Oil offers the "Cash-4-Casings" program where we buy back your used tire casings for retreading purposes.

Retreads are significantly cheaper than new tires, and through Michelin MRT Retreads, we're able to achieve 90% tread life than that of virgin tires. This is a cost-effective way to keep your commercial trucking fleet on the road, all while being environmentally friendly and recycling used tires.

To learn more about Recycling & Retreading tires with Shrader, click HERE.


Recycling Oil

Many of us "do-it-yourselfers" have old milk jugs and buckets filled with waste oil in our garages that are just collecting dust and waiting to be disposed. Do you realize that used motor oil can still have a life after it leaves your engine? In fact, used motor oil can be refined and reformulated to meet API specifications. With a waste oil furnace, your used motor oil can also be treated as fuel to heat a garage.

So what can you do to be environmentally conscious? If you change your own oil, be certain that you take it to a collection center for recycling. Visit a recycling center near you. Some collection companies will even come out to your facility, collect the used oil, and then pay you! If you take your car or truck to your local service station, they are required to recycle the oil that they change.


Recycling Batteries

Batteries contain lead that is 97% recyclable, but each year millions of batteries are not recycled. Some are illegally disposed of in dumpsters, while others sit in garages, junk piles or storage sheds. Leaking acid from these old batteries create health and safety hazards to the environment. Because recycled lead costs less than freshly mined lead, recycling old batteries helps sustain lower costs for new batteries.

Since these battery cores contain harmful chemicals, be sure to always take precautions when handling them:

• Wear gloves and safety glasses
• Place battery cores on a sturdy surface to transport them (If the battery case is cracked or leaking make sure to place it in a plastic bag or leak proof container)
• Keep batteries upright and tightly secure before transporting
• Do not smoke near or expose batteries to an open flame

Allow Shrader to buy back your unwanted battery cores. Here is a list of our new batteries from EXIDE.

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10 Reasons to Convert to Michelin X One Tires

Since 2000, Michelin® has been the leader in super single tire technology through Michelin® X One® tires. Fleets and owner-operators have benefited from saving more than 150 million gallons of fuel, added several million tons of extra freight and eliminated the need for hundreds of thousands of pressure checks and rotations with Michelin® X Ones®.

From the fuel and weight savings to going “GREEN”, there are many reasons for fleets to consider converting to Michelin® X One® Tires.


1. Fuel Savings - Michelin® X One® tires can help lower fuel costs by up to 10% through improved rolling resistance. Rolling resistance accounts for approximately 35% of fuel consumption. X One® tires improve rolling resistance by 30% compared to duals through advanced tread and casing technology. There are only two sidewalls with X Ones® compared to a set of duals which also improves rolling resistance.


2. Weight Savings = More Freight - Every 10% drop in truck weight reduces fuel use between 5-10%. With the weight savings offered by X One®, a truck fleet can carry more than 700 pounds (aluminum wheel vs. aluminum wheel) or more than 1,300 pounds (steel wheel vs. aluminum wheel) per vehicle with the X One® fitment in both the driver and trailer axles.


3. Improve Stability - Vehicle stability is a function of its track width and the height of its center of gravity. While the overall sidewall-to-sidewall width is reduced with Michelin® X One® tires, the use of the outset wheel extends the vehicle track width by over three inches. This wider track helps improve stability. A big footprint means great traction.


4. Maximize Uptime - With fewer tires to mount, demount and pressure check, the Michelin® X One® tire can save your fleet time and money compared to duals. And when it comes to pressure checking, you don't have to worry about reaching an inside dual. There is only one tire, and that tire offers an easy-to-access valve.

Availability is no issue. As one of over 2000 Michelin® Commercial Service Network Dealers nationwide, Shrader Tire & Oil is required to stock Michelin® X One® tires among many other tires in the service program. Learn more about the Michelin® Commercial Service Network and Michelin ONCall 2.0 programs HERE, or contact us today for a fleet consultation at 800-589-6589.


5. Great Retreadability - Fleets are always looking for areas to cut back and maximize their assets. Retreading is an obvious choice as the Michelin® X One® tire is the most retreaded wide single tire in the world. Infini-Coil Technology™ ensures the retreadability of the Michelin® X One® tire casing by delivering better crown endurance and zero casing growth. This allows for "like new" tread designs and compounds to help you take your fleet further. Michelin® guarantees it.

Every Michelin® X One® casing is warranted at 100% for 70 weeks when retreaded through a Michelin® Retread Technologies franchise dealer. Shrader Tire & Oil is a certified Michelin® MRT Retreader. If you’re interested in watching our retreading process, it can be viewed on our YouTube Page.


6. Tires and Retreads for Every Application - Michelin® is the only tire manufacturer to offer wide base single tires and retreads for every application. Check out our catalog to find the right Michelin® for your application.


7. Increase Productivity - Enjoy longer brake life (compared to duals) as X Ones® run cooler due to the 1- or 2-inch outset of the wheel. Michelin® X Ones® also allow for easier maintenance and dolly maneuvering. X Ones® are retreadable, just like any radial truck tire and Infini-Coil Technology™ ensures zero casing growth plus better crown endurance.


8. Meet Regulations - Michelin® X One® tires offer superior fuel efficiency without compromising tire performance. They have been verified by the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) SmartWay® program and meet California's CARB requirements.

Browse our SmartWay® Certified Michelin® tires.


9. Go "Green" - Go green to save green with Michelin® X One® tires. A fleet with 1,000 trucks can save about 1.7 million gallons of fuel and 17,000 metric tons of CO2. The CO2 kept from entering the atmosphere is the equivalent of removing 3,400 cars from the road.

Not many consider the oil savings in tire production. In the production of the Michelin® X One® tire, Michelin® uses seven gallons less for one X One® than it does for two duals. This is a 33% savings in the use of oil for every wide single tire.


10. Satisfaction Guaranteed - Michelin® offers X One® guarantees for peace of mind and stands behind its proprietary technology. If saving more than 115 million gallons of fuel (and counting) since 2000 doesn't persuade your fleet to switch to Michelin® X One® tires, know that Michelin® also guarantees your satisfaction.

MICHELIN® X One® Total Satisfaction Guarantee

MICHELIN® X One® Total Satisfaction Guarantee for Secondary Market Tractor or Trailer

MICHELIN® X One® Total Satisfaction Guarantee for New Truck or Trailer


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Improving Fuel Economy with Chevron Delo 400 XLE Syn-Blend 10W-30

Both owner operators and truck fleets alike are struggling with rising fuel costs as a major operating expense. This has led many in the transportation industry to seek cost saving solutions in their maintenance practices. With Chevron, Shrader recommends switching from conventional 15W-40 engine oil to a lower-viscosity product like Chevron Delo 400 XLE Syn-blend SAE 10W-30.

This product is formulated for use in modern on-highway, low emissions engines as well as older diesel engines. It also provides exceptional performance in modern off-highway engines where an SAE 10W-30 viscosity grade is recommended, including those adapted for future emissions standards in construction, agriculture, marine and mining applications.

Delo 400 XLE Syn-blend SAE 10W-30 shows up to 3.6 percent fuel economy improvement in short-haul, class 6 vehicles and up to 1 percent improvement in long-haul, class 8 trucks compared to SAE 15W-40 oil in SAE J1321 Fuel Consumption Tests. Depending on the fleet, the savings associated with these fuel economy improvements could equate to thousands of dollars a year.

Couple this with the ability to extend oil drain intervals and the savings for a fleet could be the difference between you and your competition. Testing run in a Volvo 13-liter engine showed drain intervals could be extended by more than 40% over the regular Volvo recommended drain interval.

An added bonus in addition to better fuel economy, Delo 400 XLE's low viscosity base stocks promote consistent engine starting for vehicles operating in sub-zero temperatures. 

If you’d like to know more about saving money with Chevron Delo 400 XLE Syn-blend SAE 10W-30, contact a Shrader Representative today. For more on Chevron Delo products, visit

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Everything You Need To Know About DEF

What is DEF?
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) is a nontoxic solution of 67.5% purified water and 32.5% pure automotive grade urea that is API Certified and complies with ISO 22241-1. DEF is the key element of the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) system used by most medium and heavy-duty diesel engine manufacturers to meet EPA 2010 regulations. When injected into the exhaust stream and passed over a catalyst, Diesel Exhaust Fluid helps convert NOx into nitrogen gas and water vapor – two harmless and natural components of the air we breathe.

A Brief History
The EPA began regulating greenhouse gases from mobile and stationary sources of air pollution under the Clean Air Act (CAA) for the first time on January 2, 2011. NOx reduction is necessary because it contributes to acid rain and smog, making it harmful to our health and our environment. Diesel engines are now required to meet these tighter NOx standards for the US market.

The SCR System
Selective Catalytic Reduction technology is the dominant system to meet these new standards by heavy-duty engine (Class 7-8 trucks) manufacturers. The SCR system works by injecting DEF directly into the exhaust upstream of a catalyst. There, DEF vaporizes and decomposes to form ammonia. The ammonia then works in conjunction with the SCR catalyst to break down NOx into harmless nitrogen and water.  

Drivers must be sure to not run out of DEF in an SCR equipped truck by monitoring the DEF gauge, as the truck will not run without it. The DEF tank fill opening is designed to accommodate a DEF fill nozzle to ensure only DEF is put into the tank and cannot be mistaken as diesel.

DEF Storage
Quality control is very important in the handling and storage of DEF to ensure the SCR system stays functioning properly. DEF should always be stored in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area – preferably away from direct sunlight. Do not store diesel exhaust fluid in carbon steel, aluminum, copper, or zinc because it will corrode these metals. The recommended temperature range for storage is 12° - 86° F, but temporary exposure to warmer temperatures will not degrade its quality or performance. If DEF is stored at approximately 75°F, the shelf life should be two years long.

DEF dust can contaminate the fluid around the area where DEF is added to the system so be sure to keep this area clean and free of debris. It is crucial that the 32.5% urea solution remains at this ratio because it provides the lowest freezing point for DEF which is near 12°F. Additionally, SCR systems are calibrated to the 32.5 percentage. It is unlikely for DEF to freeze while a vehicle is running as the SCR technology heats the DEF tank and supply lines. DEF is more likely to freeze when the vehicle is not being operated, but the vehicle will start up and run as normal. Once the vehicle is started, the SCR system will melt the frozen DEF quickly and the vehicle will not be impacted. DO NOT ADD OTHER CHEMICALS TO KEEP DEF FROM FREEZING. If something is added, it can ruin the solution and may even damage SCR components. 

Equipment and Availability
An experienced DEF supplier, such as Shrader Tire & Oil understands important DEF issues and can be flexible in meeting your DEF needs. We have the expertise, regional supply and customized distribution solutions to help you achieve the right DEF supply strategy for your application.

Allow Shrader to assist you with a custom DEF solution for your fleet while reducing maintenance costs and creating less harmful emissions in the atmosphere. Shrader carries Victory Blue DEF which is API certified. We offer DEF in bulk, 330 gallon totes, 55 gallon drums, and 2.5 gallon jugs. Look to Shrader for DEF distribution equipment including hand pumps, reels, and electronically metered pumps.


Kyle Perna, DEF Sales Specialists
(419) 351-5770